Soho is an area in the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London. Long established as an entertainment district, for much of the 20th century Soho had a reputation for sex shops as well as night life and film industry. Since the 1980's, the area has changed considerably. It is now home to many upmarket resteraunts and media offices. There is now only a remnant of the sex industry in Soho. The area is known for its many gay-owned businesses.
The name "Soho" first appeared in the 17th century. Most authorities believe that it comes from an old hunting cry.
Soho, despite plans to make it a celubrious as areas such as Bloomsbury, Marlyebone and Mayfair. Soho never became that fashionable. It became home to many immigrants and by the mid 19th century, all respectable families had moved away.
The area was home to the London sex industry for over 200 years. Prostitutes and sex shops dominated Soho. Despite closing unliscenced sex shops and a substantial relaxation of general censorship, prostitution is still widespread. These are sign-posted by fluorescent "model" signs at street level. These are mainly based in the small area around Brewer Street and Berwick Street.
Soho is known as the home of London's main gay village, around Old Compton Street. In April 1999, the Admiral Duncan Pub, which serves the gay community was damaged by a nail bomb left by neo-Nazi David Copeland. The attack killed three and left 30 injured.The Admiral Duncan Pub, Soho, London